Online Resources at the Butler Center

sisters from the rohwer internment camp

Oral History Interview with Kazuko Tanaka and Yetsuko Saguchi

Kazuko Tanaka and Yetsuko Saguchi are twin sisters who were born in California. When they were three years old, their family was sent by government order to a Japanese internment camp. They talk about what it was like for the Japanese community during the World War II era as well as their family's experience at the Rohwer Relocation Center in Arkansas.

Full length interview » |

bob yada

Oral History Interview with Bob Yada

Robert "Bob" Yada was a child when his family was sent from California to the Rohwer Relocation Center in Arkansas. His family remained there for the rest of the war. After the internment camps closed, few interned families remained in Arkansas. His family did stay in Arkansas and was the only one left in Arkansas within a year's time of the camp closing. He discusses what it was like for his family and others at Rohwer.

Full length interview »|

delphine hirasuna

Oral History Interview with Delphine Hirasuna

Though she was born after the time of Japanese American internment, Delphine Hirasuna talks about her family's experience, including their time at the Rohwer Relocation Center in Arkansas. She also discusses the process of writing her book, The Art of Gaman.

Full length interview »| Audio only »| Video only »

delphine hirasuna signing books after the dishongh lecture

Dishongh Lecture by Delphine Hirasuna, author of The Art of Gaman

Delphine Hirasuna discusses the experiences and the creativity of Japanese Americans interned in camps across the United States during World War II.

Full length lecture »

vivienne schiffer delivering the october legacies and lunch program

Legacies & Lunch with Vivienne Schiffer, author of Camp Nine

Vivienne "Lie" Schiffer, daughter of Rosalie Santine Gould, discussed her newly released novel Camp Nine. Camp Nine tells the story of how a young girl's childhood was transformed by the appearance of Japanese Americans who were interned at "Camp Nine," a fictionalized version of the Rohwer Relocation Center. Schiffer also talks about her life growing up in Rohwer, Arkansas, as well as her continued research on Japanese American internment.

Full length lecture »

Butler Center Lesson Plans

Japanese Americans and the Rowher Relocation Camp

Students will examine and understand that in extreme cases such as a World War II, fear can override justice. They will review how the Japanese were moved from California and other areas into relocation camps in Arkansas during World War II. They will use resources for a teacher determined task.

Grades: 5-8 | View the lesson plan »

Under One Flag: A Year at Rohwer

The goal of this unit is to introduce students to the concept of the Japanese relocation camps used during World War II in Arkansas. Students will organize information.

Grades: 5-8, can be adapted for 4 and 9-12 | View the lesson plan »


Encyclopedia of Arkansas articles:
   Rohwer Relocation Center
   Jerome Relocation Center

Life Interrupted: The Japanese American Experience in WW II in Arkansas

Children of the Camps: The Documentary   Public Broadcasting Service (PBS)

Japanese American National Museum

Densho: The Japanese American Legacy Project

Smithsonian: National Museum of American History

National Archives - Japanese Relocation and Internment During World War II

Online Center for the Study of Japanese American Concentration Camp Art

The Hawaii Nisei Project

Go For Broke National Education Center

442nd Regimental Combat Team Historical Society Website

Resources from the Central Arkansas Library System

YouTube links:
   Remnants of Rohwer Relocation Camp (5:46)
   George Takei Interview (2:05)
   All-Nisei 442nd Regimental Combat Unit Documentary (5:45)
   War Relocation Authority Propaganda Film (9:27)

Additional Resources

Allbritton, Nicole Ashley. "The Women of Japanese-American Internment, with Emphasis on Rohwer and Jerome." MA thesis, University of Arkansas, 2010.

Anderson, William G. "Early Reaction in Arkansas to the Relocation of Japanese in the State." Arkansas Historical Quarterly 23 (Autumn 1964): 196-211.

Bearden, Russell E. "The False Rumor of Tuesday: Arkansas's Internment of Japanese-Americans." Arkansas Historical Quarterly 41 (Winter 1982) 327-339.

---. "Life Inside Arkansas's Japanese American Relocation Centers." Arkansas Historical Quarterly 47 (Summer 1989): 170-196.

Cashion, Scott. "Actions Speak Louder than Words…Sometimes: Reactions to the Wartime Evacuation and Internment of Japanese-Americans at Rohwer and Jerome." MA thesis, University of Arkansas, 2006.

Daniels, Roger. Concentration Camps: North America. Malabar, FL: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Co. Inc., 1981.

Dusselier, Jane E. Artifacts of Loss: Crafting Survival in Japanese American Concentration Camps. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2008.

Hayashi, Brian Masaru. Democratizing the Enemy: The Japanese American Internment. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008.

Hirasuna, Delphine. The Art of Gaman: Arts and Crafts from the Japanese American Internment Camps, 1942-1946. Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press, 2005.

Concentration Camps on the Home Front: Japanese Americans in the House of Jim Crow, by John HowardHoward, John. Concentration Camps on the Home Front: Japanese Americans in the House of Jim Crow. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2008.

Inada, Lawson Fusao, ed. Only What We Could Carry: The Japanese Internment Experience. Berkeley, CA: Heyday Books, 2000.

Irons, Peter, ed. Justice Delayed: The Record of the Japanese American Internment Cases. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1989.

Jensen, Gwendolyn M. "The Experience of Injustice: Health Consequences of Japanese American Internment." PhD diss., University of Colorado, 1997.

Kashima, Tetsuden. Judgment without Trial: Japanese American Imprisonment during World War II. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2003.

Henry Sugimoto: Painting an American Experience, by Kristine KimKim, Kristine. Henry Sugimoto: Painting an American Experience. Berkeley, CA: Heyday Books, 2000.

Moss, Dori Felice. "Strangers in Their Own Land: A Cultural History of Japanese American Internment Camps in Arkansas, 1942-1945." MA thesis, Georgia State University, 2007.

Murray, Alice Yang. Historical Memories of the Japanese American Internment and the Struggle for Redress. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2008.

Ng, Wendy L. Japanese American Internment during World War II: A History and Reference Guide. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Smith, C. Calvin. "The Response of Arkansas to Prisoners of War and Japanese Americans in Arkansas, 1942-1945." Arkansas Historical Quarterly 53 (Autumn 1994): 340-364.

---. War and Wartime Changes: The Transformation of Arkansas, 1940-1945. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1986.

Takei, George. To the Stars: The Autobiography of George Takei, Star Trek's Mr. Sulu. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.

Twyford, Holly Feltman. "Nisei in Arkansas: The Plight of Japanese American Youths in the Arkansas Internment Camps of World War II." MA thesis, University of Arkansas, 1993.

The View from Within: Japanese American Art from the Internment Camps, 1942-1945: Wright Art Gallery October 13 through December 6, 1992. Los Angeles, CA: Japanese American National Museum, 1992.

Ward, Jason Morgan. "'No Jap Crow': Japanese Americans Encounter the World War II South." Journal of Southern History 73 ( February 2007): 75-104.

Rising Sons: The Japanese American GIs Who Fought for the United States in World War II, by Bill YenneYenne, Bill. Rising Sons: The Japanese American GIs Who Fought for the United States in World War II. New York: Thomas Dunne Books, 2007.

Ziegler, Jan Fielder. "Listening to 'Miss Jamison': Lessons from the Schoolhouse at a Japanese Internment Camp, Rohwer Relocation Center." Arkansas Review: A Journal of Delta Studies 33 (August 2002): 137-146.

About the Project

From the Mabel Rose Jamison Vogel/Rosalie Santine Gould Collection, the Butler Center has created a multimedia exhibition titled The Art of Living: Japanese American Creative Experience at Rohwer that showcases art created by internees at the Rohwer Relocation Center in Desha County and tells the story of creativity in the face of dire circumstances. The Art of Living will be on display in Concordia Hall in the Arkansas Studies Institute (401 President Clinton Ave.) from September 9 through November 26, 2011.

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Central Arkansas Library System

Butler Center for Arkansas Studies

Butler Center Digital Collections

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. And opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.